Verb Patterns / Fiil Kurguları

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İki fiili birlikte kullandığımızda farklı fiil kurguları uygularız. 


{verb} + {to} + {infinitive} 

fiil + to + fiilI managed to leave : Ayrılmayı becerdim/başardım (manage ve leave fiilleri birlikte kullanılıyor. Ana fiil normal çekiliyor. Sonra gelen fiil “to” haliyle  geliyor yanına) 


Yanına bir fiil aldığında o fiili “to” haliyle alan fiiller grubu : 

afford, agree, appear, arrange, ask, attempt, be, bear, beg, begin, care, choose, consent, dare, decide, determine, expect, fail, forget, happen, hate, have, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, like, love, manage, mean, need, neglect, offer, ought, plan, prefer, prepare, pretend, promise, propose, refuse, regret, remember, seem, start, swear, threaten, trouble, try, used, want, wish. 


{verb} + {gerund} 

fiil + fiilin “ing” li haliI enjoy running in the morning : Ben sabah koşmaktan keyif alırım. 


Bu grup fiiller: 

admit, advise, appreciate, avoid, can’t help, can’t stand, consider, contemplate, delay, deny, detest, dislike, endure, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, go on, imagine, involve, keep, leave off, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practice, prefer, put off, resent, resist, risk, stop, suggest, understand. 


These are some verbs that require the next verb to end  in  verb – ing 


Enjoy    I enjoy studying 

Keep     I keep studying 

Hate      I hate getting a bad mark 

Finish   I finished studying 

Stop      I stopped studying 




Bazı fiiller yanına fiil adığında bunları ister “to” lu haliyle veya ister “ing” li haliyle alırlar. 

I like skiing. 

I like to ski. 


Bu grup fiiller: 

advise, allow, attempt, begin, can’t bear, continue, forbid, forget, go on, hate, hear, intend, like, love, permit, prefer, propose, regret, remember, see, start, stop, try, watch. 


{verb} + [object] + {to} + {infinitive} 

fiil + nesne + to + fiilI want you to leave : Ben senin gitmeni isterim/istiyorum. 


Bu grup fiiller : 

advise, allow, ask, bear, beg, cause, command, compel, encourage, expect, forbid, force, get, hate, help, instruct, intend, invite, leave, like, mean, need, oblige, order, permit, persuade, prefer, press, promise, recommend, request, remind, teach, tell, tempt, trouble, want, warn, wish 








verb + infinitive 



This is one of the most common verb combination forms 


I waited to begin dinner 



verb + verb + ing 



This is one of the most common verb combination forms. 


They enjoyed listening to the music. 

They regretted spending so much time on the project 



verb + verb + ing OR verb + infinitive - no change in meaning 


Some verbs can combine with other verbs using both forms without changing the basic meaning of the sentence.    


She started to eat dinner. OR She started eating dinner. 


verb + verb + ing OR verb + infinitive - change in meaning 



Some verbs can combine with other verbs using both forms. However, with these verbs, there is a change in the basic meaning of the sentence. 



They stopped speaking to each other. => They don't speak to each other anymore. 

They stopped to speak to each other. => They stopped walking in order to speak to each other. 




verb + indirect object + direct object 



An indirect object is usually placed before a direct object when a verb takes both an indirect and direct object 



I bought her a book. 

She asked him the question. 



verb + object + infinitive 



This is the most common form when a verb is followed by both an object and a verb 



She asked her to find a place to stay. 

They instructed them to open the envelope 



verb + object + base form (infinitive without 'to') 



This form is used with a few verbs (let, help and make).    


She made her finish her homework. 

They let him go to the concert. 

He helped him paint the house. 



verb + object + verb + ing 



This form is less common than verb + object + infinitive. 


I observed them painting the house. 

I heard her singing in the living room. 




verb + object + clause with 'that' 



Use this form for a clause beginning with 'that'.    


She told him that she would worker harder. 

He informed him that he was going to resign. 




verb + object + clause with 'wh-' 



Use this form for a clause beginning with wh- (why, when, where) 


   They were instructed where to go. 

She told me why she had done it. 



verb + object + past participle 



This form is often used when someone does something for someone else.    


He had his car washed. 

They want the report finished immediately.